The Air Raids

In a period of WorldWar2 called the Blitz, when Germany decided to bomb the main cities of England. These attacks were called air raids. It was a very noisy, very dangerous affair. The raids started on the 7th of September 1940, when Germany sent a fleet of Stukas to bomb London. Many people died and many a building crumbled.
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The Air Fleet

There were two famous bomber planes in WorldWar2. On the English team there was the Lancaster bomber. It was capable of carrying at least 10 tonnes of normal sized bombs, plus a large 10-20 tonne bomb, ready to reduce a city to rubble! With 3 turrets, 8 machine guns and 4 engines it was a beast of a plane.external image CanadianLancasterBanking.jpg

Next is the Junker Ju-87 dive-bomber, more commonly known as a Stukas. It was the best German bomber plane. It stocked 5 tonnes of bombs but made up for it in speed and firepower. It had 4 turrets and 12 machine guns. Famous for devastating the city of Bristol in WW2.

Air Raid Wardens

The first air raid warden was assigned the job in 1940. They were stationed mainly to calm the panicked people during a raid. At the top of a door of a warden’s house was a plaque saying that there was an air raid warden stationed inside. Despite the main job of a warden was to prevent panic, they had another very important job. In a stage of the Blitz called the blackout, by law people had to turn their lights of by sunset. The warden’s second job was to make sure people kept their lights off or suffer the consequences.

The Bombs

The planes in WW2 carried and dropped thousands of highly explosive bombs. Bombs were renowned for there effectiveness and destructive results. The bombs devastated cities rendering them, useless rubble. The government were afraid that Germany were going to release gas bombs to choke the cities of England. So the government gave everyone gas masks of all shapes and sizes. Luckily they never had to use them.

Air Raid Shelters

During WW2 two million air raid shelters were established. The shelters were made of corrugated iron, that would usually fit 6 people and often flooded. Wealthy people had to pay for shelter material, but people who earned less than £250 a year got the material free. When a shelter people would use the local train station or underground. It was rank and unhygienic, but it was either that or directly in the raid. But they were not always safe. In Bank Tube station, London, was bombed. It collapsed on the 111 people boarding inside. There were no survivors.
The End